SIO nanobubbles penetrate and physically remove microbial
biofilm on surfaces while preventing re-formation
Nanobubbles penetrate into organic material to inactivate microbial biofilms and increase bacterial detachment.
Nanobubbles damage reciprocal interactions among microbial species, destabilize the biofilm network structure and inhibit formation.
Nanobubbles produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), consisting primarily of hydroxyl radicals to eliminate hard-to-kill pathogens and reduce the use of chemicals.
Nanobubbles control biofilm formation in pipes by directly acting on microbes and indirectly acting on water quality (TO, COD, BOD)..